Gold Dozr Logo
Menu
Equipment Rentals
Products
Resources
Avatar of the author
Tim Forestell
August 2, 2022

The Ultimate Skid Steer Spec Guide

Skid steers are one of the most common pieces of heavy equipment on every construction or landscaping project due to their versatility. They can lift, dig, move, drill, and more if they have the right attachments. But it's their range of sizes that really makes them such popular loaders for any project.

When picking the right skid steer for the project, it's important to know all of the options you have to choose from. While there are several skid steer manufacturers, not every company builds products within every size category or with the power to handle every scale of the job.

That's why we've put together this overview and list of the three frames of skid steers, the most common manufacturers of skid steers, and the models and size guides for each skid steer manufacturer.

The Three Sizes of Skid Steer Frames

Every model of skid steer fits into three different size categories: small-frame, medium-frame, and large-frame. The standard size range for small-frame skid steers is any machine with a ROC under 1,750 lbs and 50 horsepower. Medium-framed skid steer spec range is between 1,750 to 2,200 lbs and 50 to 70 horsepower. And lastly, the large-framed skid steer spec range is anything over 2,200 lbs and 70 horsepower. Based on what your ideal use for the skid steer is, you'll want to pick any model within those ranges.

Typically, small-frame skid steers are used for smaller jobs or ones that don't require lots of lifting and power. For example, they're great for landscaping projects, interior demolition, underground construction, and working in buildings because those spaces are often more restricted. Because of their small size and ease with navigating corners and tight spaces, small-frame skid steer loaders are very common for small-scale projects. They're also much easier to haul from site to site which can help save on costs when job sites may require less machinery or time.

Mid-frame skid steers are the most commonly used skid steer in construction and landscaping as a whole. That's because they're a really safe bet for getting the job done on any site with the power and rated operating capacity (ROC) they provide. For the most part, they can also safely fit through most residential or suburban backyards which makes them great for DIY or homebuilding projects in general. Between mid-frame and small-frame skid steers, you really can't go wrong. All you should be doing is checking the size requirements or dimensions for any heavy equipment on the job before picking.

Lastly, there are the large-framed skid steers. These machines are great when moving large amounts of dirt, gravel, or bricks and require attachments like buckets or blades because they typically require more horsepower. You will also need large-framed skid steers for most road building, demolition, and drilling jobs because of the heavy materials and demand for sheer power and force in these types of projects.

Now that we know about the different size ranges, let's get into each brand and their skid steer models.

Skid Steer Models, Specs, and Sizes for Every Brand

The most common skid steer specs that people care about are ROC, operating weight, engine horsepower, width, and wheelbase. The ROC is usually the most important factor when determining what model to choose. This is because the ROC number signifies the safest load capacity that a specific skid steer can carry. The ROC is normally 30 to 50 percent of the tipping load limit - the amount of weight that the skid steer could carry without flipping.

Operating weight is the weight of the actual skid steer and normally factors in the operator weight and fuel in the skid steer. Wheelbases are typically set out for each frame size. For example, small-frame have wheelbases of about 36 inches, middle-frame have wheelbases of 40 inches, and large-frames have wheelbases of 48 inches. The wider the wheelbase, the more stability that the machine can provide for the job.

Horsepower is important to consider when the machine might be used for multitasking purposes like using hydraulic systems and other machine functions at the same time. However, balance, ROC, operating weight, and wheelbase are typically more important.

Bobcat

In construction and landscaping, Bobcat is almost synonymous with the skid steer. That's because they are credited with inventing the world's first skid steer more than 60 years ago. It makes sense then that they are the best-selling skid steer loader company. They also have the most selection of any skid steer manufacturer.

Bobcat has three series of the skid steer loader: the M2-Series, M3-series, and R-series. The M2 skid steers are more fuel efficient, quiet, and have non-DPF engines. The M3 skid series have bigger cabs for operators, wider ranges of attachments, and very easy maintenance features. Lastly, the R series skid steers have more powerful hydraulics, increased uptime, and are very comfortable.

Bobcat M2-Series Skid Steer Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
S70 760 2,892 23.5 28.4 94.5
S740 3,100 8,792 74 48.3 131.4
S770 3,350 9,314 92 48.3 131.4
S850 3,9350 10,237 100 52.9 144

Bobcat M3-Series Skid Steer Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
S450 1,370 5,370 49 35.4 109.5
S510 1,790 6,208 55 42.6 114.5
S590 2,101 6,765 68 42.6 119

Bobcat R-Series Skid Steer Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
S62 2,100 6,886 68 44.6 114.5
S64 2,300 6,974 68 44.6 120
S66 2,400 7,154 74 44.6 120
S76 2,900 8,615 74 48.3 128.3


The M3-Series and R-Series are Bobcat's newest models of the skid steer. However, they mostly exist to serve the small-frame and medium-frame markets. If you're looking to do demolition jobs or anything with extremely heavy lifting, the Bobcat M2-Series is probably your best bet. Check out Bobcat's full skid steer specs sheet.

John Deere

John Deere is another legacy company with a great range of skid steer models. They have options for each type of skid steer frame ranging from the 316GR model to the 332GR. John Deere is also a great option for the chassis of a skid steer because of all the different attachments they manufacture as well. But we'll talk about that another time. For now, here is the comprehensive list of John Deere's skid steer models.

John Deere Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
316GR 1,750 6,180 65 41.5 115
318G 1,945 6,542 65 41.5 121
320G 2,190 7,150 69 44.2 122
324G 2,690 7,700 70 44.2 126
330G 3,000 9,900 88.5 49.9 132
332G 3,600 10,000 100 49.9 132


While offering a smaller variety of skid steers than Bobcat, John Deere manufactures skid steer models across every frame size making them great options for any construction or landscaping job. Feel free to read John Deere's full skid steer spec sheets.

New Holland

The New Holland 300 series are another popular skid steer option for construction and landscape workers. With six models on the market, they are powerful machines with great fuel usage.

New Holland Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
L316 1,600 5,370 60 37 112
L318 1,800 6,230 60 44.4 120
L320 2,000 6,470 67 44.4 121
L321 2,100 6,970 74 44.4 123
L328 2,800 7,895 74 52 129.5
L334 3,400 9,100 90 52 131.1

The six 300 series models provide options across every skid steer loader frame making New Holland a great option for any digging, demolition, or small-scale job. Read more about the New Holland skid steer specs.

Caterpillar

The Caterpillar D3 skid steer loader series covers a wide range of lift heights, ROCs, and horsepower. They are known for their reliability and durability while their hydraulic system is one of the best in the industry and provides lots of additional power to the skid steer.

CAT Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
226D3 1,550 5,849 67.1 41.5 110.9
232D3 1,900 6,514 67.1 41.5 118.1
236D3 1,800 6,567 74.3 43.5 122.9
242D3 2,200 7,138 74.3 43.5 121.1
246D3 2,200 7,478 74.3 49.2 124.2
262D3 2,700 8,296 74.3 49.2 124.9
272D3 3,450 9,133 98 54.6 127.1
272D3 XE 3,700 9,573 110 54.6 128.6

Read more about Caterpillar's skid steer loader specs.

Wacker Neuson

While they are most known for their incredibly comfortable medium and large-frame skid steers, Wacker Neuson manufactures skid steers of every size. In their catalog, they have eight skid steer models with ROCs ranging from 1,600 lbs to 3,200 lbs.

Wacker Neuson Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
SW16 1,600 6,170 56 43.5 118.1
SW17 1,700 6,245 74 43.5 118.1
SW20 2,000 6,437 56 43.5 124
SW21 2,100 6,512 74 43.5 124
SW24 2,400 7,480 74 45.8 126.8
SW28 2,800 8,175 74 45.8 134.6
SW32 3,200 8,629 100 49.9 134.8

Great for any size project, Wacker Neuson skid steers are reliable and efficient. Compare all Wacker Neuson skid steers.

CASE

CASE has more than 50 years of engineering and experience behind them and they've developed the B Series skid steers to be workhorses for the construction and landscaping industries. What sets CASE apart from other brands listed is their industry-leading visibility from within the skid steer cab and hydraulic options.

CASE Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
SR160B 1,600 5,645 60 37 112
SR175B 1,750 6,270 67 44.4 122
SV185B 1,850 6,570 60 44.4 120
SR210B 2,100 6,970 74 44.4 123
SR240B 2,400 7,400 74 52 125.1
SR270B 2,700 8,117 90 52 125/1
SR280B 2,800 8,000 74 52 129.5
SV340B 3,400 9,100 90 52 131.6

With a variety of sizes, horsepower, and attachments, CASE skid steers are a great choice for any fleet or rental. Compare CASE skid steer models and specs in more detail.

GEHL

As hydraulics have become more efficient over the years, small machines are able to do more without losing power. Since GEHL manufactures some of the smallest skid steer options, this is incredibly important. However, the range of GEHL's skid steers is something to be highlighted. Their smallest model, the R105 has a ROC of 1,049 while their biggest skid steer, the V420, has a ROC of 4,200.

GEHL Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
R105 1,049 4,200 34 34 108
R135 1,349 5,255 44 37 110
R165 1,649 6,164 68 39 118
R190 1,900 6,881 68 39 121
R220 2,200 7,981 70 43 123
R260 2,599 8,199 70 49 123
V270 2,767 8,150 70 49 130
V330 3,300 9,089 70 49.5 131
V420 4,200 11,664 120 54.5 144

As you can see, whether you're working on a big job or small, GEHL's skid steer options have you covered. Learn more about GEHL's radial and vertical skid steers.

Kubota

With Kubota manufacturing and sourcing many of the engines for skid steers on this list already, they decided to make their own models as well. The Kubota SSV Series of skid steers are powered by their own diesel engines and are designed for both radial and vertical movement.

Kubota Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
SSV65 1,950 7,319 64 44 121
SSV75 2,690 8,466 74 47 128

While not having the range of options that other brands provide, you know that their power and engines are going to be high quality and last a long time. However, they don't have machines for every job site so make sure you know what is required before picking a Kubota skid steer. Read more about the Kubota SSV65 and SSV75.

Manitou

With a range of options only matched by GEHL on this list, Manitou has 10 different skid steer models to choose from. With their reliability and performance, they also have the same range of power.

Manitou Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
1050 R 1,049 4,200 33 34 108
1350 R NXT2 1,349 5,256 45 37 110
1500 R NXT2 1,499 6,116 45 39 119
1650 R 1,649 6,164 68 39 119
1900 R 1,900 6,881 68 42 121
2200 R 2,200 7,981 70 43 123
2600 R 2,599 8,199 70 49 123
2700 V NXT:2 2,701 8,150 72 49 130
3300 V NXT:2 3,300 9,090 72 49 131
4200 V 4,200 11,665 120 55 144

Another brand able to satisfy the small-frame, medium-frame, and large-frame markets, Manitou's diverse list of skid steers is perfect for every job. Compare all Manitou skid steer models.

JCB

As engine advancements for skid steers continue to be improved, JCB has figured out ways to enhance torque and power while consuming less fuel. They're also the first company to create a skid steer with a telescopic boom, the Teleskid 3TS-8W, for increased lift and reach potential.

JCB Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
JCB 215 2,112 7,253 74 42 118
JCB 270 2,723 8,680 74 49 128
JCB 300 3,186 9,288 74 49 128
JCB Teleskid 3TS-8W 3,208 9,859 74 59
128 retracted
159 extended

Focusing primarily on the large-frame skid steers, JCB models aren't perfect choices for every construction or landscaping project. However, when heavy duty is what you need, heavy duty is what you'll get. Read more about JCB skid steer features and models.

Sunward

With only one option and not a lot of data about the specs out there, Sunward's skid steer model, the SWL3230, is a large-frame skid steer with great power and is incredibly reliable. However, depending on the job, it might not be the best machine for you. Especially if you're looking to be moving various amounts of weight.

Sunward Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
SWL3230 2,427 7,716 74.3 unsure 94

You can find out more about the SWL3230 on Sunward's brochure page.

AVI Holdings

With their radial and vertical skid steer models, ASV manufactures two machines that perform incredibly well. Built for large-scale projects, their hydraulic systems ensure that power is shifted as efficiently to the attachments as possible.

AVI Holdings Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
RS-75 2,600 7,595 74.2 49 125
VS-75 3,500 8,910 74.2 49 130

While ASV does only manufacture two skid steer loaders, they have a wide range of skid steer attachments that work on their machines and are compatible with others as well. Compare ASV skid steer models.

Kato

With only one option, the KATO AS12 is specifically designed for small jobs and fits a market that not many other manufacturers target with their skid steers.

Kato Skid Steer Model Specs

Model Number Rated Operating Capacity (lbs) Operating Weight (lbs) Horsepower (hp) Wheelbase (in) Lift Height at Pin (in)
AS12 728 2,955 21 30 100

Not made to be overly powerful, the AS12 is perfect for jobs that are extremely narrow or where power and load are not as critical to the job. Read more about the KATO AS12 specs.

Final Thoughts

As we've learned, not every skid steer will work on any job. There are important factors, like lift height, ground clearance, power, and ROC, that play into picking the right piece of equipment. We hope this summarization of skid steer specs is helpful in determining the best fit for your next construction or landscaping project. Find your next skid steer rental on DOZR Marketplace.

Twitter LogoFacebook LogoLinkedIn Logo
Avatar of the author
Tim Forestell
Tim Forestell is one of DOZR’s co-founders and CCO. Tim got started in the industry as VP Operations for Forestell Landscaping before founding DOZR with Kevin and Erin. Aside from the amazing team at DOZR, his favourite thing about DOZR are the customers. Working with DOZR renters every day gives him a peek at the evolution of different projects and hearing stories about projects being developed from start to finish.
Twitter LogoFacebook LogoLinkedIn Logo
Backhoe
Tracked Skid Steers
Wheel Loader
Search for rentals near you.
DOZR gets the best prices from 1000's of rental companies near you.
location dot icon
magnifying glass icon
Powered by